Mac OS X

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Mac OS X is an operating system for Apple Macintosh computers.


[edit] OS X

Mac OS X is based on the Unix Mach kernel and is derived from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) implementation of Unix in NeXTSTEP. NeXTSTEP was the object-oriented operating system developed by Steve Jobs' company "NeXT" after he left Apple in 1985. The Macintosh pioneered UI was then placed on top of the Unix core. This version has been shipped on all Macs since 2002.

[edit] OS X Versions

OS X can run on X86 processors.

  • Rhapsody Developer Release (Grail1Z4 / Titan1U)
  • Mac OS X Server 1.0 (Hera)
  • Mac OS X Developer (Preview)
  • Public Beta (Kodiak)
  • Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah)
  • Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma)
  • Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)
  • Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther)
  • Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger)
  • Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion)
  • Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion)

[edit] iOS

iOS is a variant of the Mac OS that was specifically designed for portable platforms. It is the OS used on the iPad and iPhone (including the iPod Touch version). It runs on Apple ARM processors.

  • version 3 was last version for iPod Touch gen 1 and original iPhone. A special 3.2.2 was released with the first iPad.
  • version 4 was iPod Touch Gen 2 version and iPhone 3G. It was the first to offer multi-tasking and an API.
  • version 5 was the first iPad 2 version.
  • Version 6 is not supported on older hardware such as the iPad 1.
  • Version 7 has significantly changed the GUI and was the first version to support 64 bit (A7) processors.
  • Version 8 was the first iPhone 6 version. Features include:
    • Quickly find and edit the photos you take.
    • Add your voice right in a text message.
    • Let your health and fitness apps communicate with each other, with your trainer, and even with your doctor.
    • We’ve also provided developers with deeper access and more tools.
    • You’ll have new keyboard options and even more ways to share your content.
    • And you’ll be able to use iCloud and Touch ID in ways you never have before.
    • support the Apple Watch (8.2)
    • shifted audiobooks to iBooks (8.4)
  • Version 9 was the first version to split out features by device so that the iOS could run on older devices. There are many features which include:
    • AirDrop, AirPlay, AirPrint
    • carplay (only on iphone 5 and later.)
    • Split screen - Selected devices
    • Control Center, Notification Center
    • Siri - Selected devices
    • Spotlight Search
    • Apple Music with Family Sharing
    • iCloud Drive
    • Multitasking
    • QuickType Keyboard
    • Nightshift mode (9.3) selected devices for blue-light exposure
  • Version 10 includes: AirDrop, AirPlay, AirPrint, Control Center, Handoff, HomeKit, iCloud, iCloud Keychain, Multitasking, Night Shift, Notification Center, Siri,Spotlight Search. Supported devices include iPhone 5 and later, iPad mini 2 and later, iPad Gen 4 and later, basically all devices that have the lightning connector except the original iPad mini. It is designed specifically for 64bit processors.

[edit] Built-in Apps

Less that 150 MB of storage. (not all apps shipped on all devices)

  • Camera
  • Photos
  • Messages
  • FaceTime
  • Mail
  • Music
  • Safari
  • Maps
  • Siri (on models having the lightning connector)
  • Calendar
  • iTunes Store
  • App Store
  • Notes (significant improvement in 9.3)
  • Contacts
  • iBooks (free download on earlier OS versions)
  • Game Center
  • Reminders
  • Clock
  • Videos
  • Photo Booth
  • Podcasts
  • News
  • Find My iPhone
  • Find My Friends
  • Health (on later models)
  • Free downloadable Apps from Apple on later models
    • Pages
    • Numbers
    • Keynote
    • iMovie
    • GarageBand
    • iTunes U
    • Apple Store
    • Trailers
    • Remote

[edit] URL scheme

In general, an iOS app can open another iOS app by its URL scheme, if exists, and asks it to perform various actions through its parameters. For example, a reader app (MapleRead, Marvin, etc.) may thus open a dictionary app with the word to be looked up. Or perhaps you want to look up the map of a place you read in a book. As http is also a scheme implying a web browser app, you may also specify a website URL instead. This is clearly very useful and easy to do, as long as you know the URL schemes with parameters. See MobileRead forum discussion for more details.

The following URLs have been identified.

  • The free dictionary thefreedictionary://search/{word}
  • Dictbox Dictbox://{word}
  • dictbox deutsch dictboxde://{word}
  • dictbox french dictboxfr://{word}
  • v-for-wiki v-for-wiki://search/_/{word}
  • wikipedia wikipedia://{word}
  • iTranslate -- itranslate://translate?from=auto&to=da&text={text} (use {word} for MapleReader)
  • Twitter -- twitter://post?message={word}
  • Google Chrome -- googlechrome://{word} for http
  • Google Chrome -- googlechromes://{word} for https

[edit] For more information

Mac OS X

iOS version.

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